Overview

We all suffer from small cuts or wounds sometimes, be it a mishap while preparing dinner, repairing broken things, or even while enjoying arts and crafts. Often, we do not give much thought to the injury and go on with our day, unaware of the proper wound care procedures to be followed. However, paying attention to and treating every wound, no matter how small, is the only way to avoid infection or greater injury. Before diving into the world of wound care, let’s take a look at what a cut actually is.

A cut is any opening in the skin caused by a sharp object, such as a knife, a sharp tool or even a piece of paper. A cut may penetrate deep into the skin, which could lead to strong bleeding and leave a scar. Minor cuts only scratch the surface of the skin, and are easier to treat.

Steps to stop the bleeding:

The first step to treating any wound is to get the bleeding under control. Here is how to:

  •  Use a sterile compress or a clean piece of cloth to gently exert pressure on the wound
  • Do not use cotton wool or other materials that could stick to the wound
  • Minor cuts should stop bleeding after a few minutes
  • If the bleeding persists, apply more gauze pads to the wound
  • Keep exerting pressure on it, and seek medical attention

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How to treat cuts in 3 easy steps:

  1. Clean the wound

    Cleaning the wound is the first step to follow for optimal healing. To avoid infection, clean the cut of dirt and bacteria by running it under cool water. Gently dry the wound and surrounding area. If you're helping to clean someone else’s wound, wash your hands first and make sure to wear disposable surgical gloves.
  2. Protect

    The second step is to keep dirt and bacteria out of your cut in order to prevent infection and promote healing. Apply a wound plaster or sterile wound dressing to your cut. If the wound site is larger than your average plaster, apply a sterile compress and secure it with tape or a bandage.
  3. Heal

    The third step is to ensure the skin heals quickly, safely, and with a lower risk of scarring. Apply an antibacterial ointment on a regular basis until your wound is completely healed. The ointment will aid in the formation of a breathable, protective film, which will boost the healing process. Change the wound plaster as and when needed.


The basic first aid for cuts can be completed in the following 3 simple steps:
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Kid’s first aid for cuts

When children cut themselves, they can become extremely anxious. You need to keep calm and treat their wound thoroughly while reassuring them. Here's how to take care of your kid’s cuts:
  • Reassure: Maintain your composure and reassure the child that everything will be fine
  • Distract: Move their attention away from the pain with a toy, treat, or something interesting to look at
  • Make treatment exciting: For example, cover the wound with a colourful kid’s wound plaster with their favourite cartoon character on it
  • Minimise pain: To avoid burning the wound, use a wound spray that does not contain alcohol or iodine
  • Prevent: Provide age-appropriate scissors and knives to children to help them avoid cuts, limit their access to sharp objects

 

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How long does a cut take to heal?

Most cuts will heal in 5 to 10 days. However, the length of time it takes to heal depends on a variety of factors, including the depth of the cut, its size, and your age. Uncovered wounds take longer to heal, so always apply a wound plaster to your cut. Read here to know more about how to heal wounds faster: Important benefits of Silver Ions in Wound Healing
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Frequently Asked Questions about infected cuts

  1. How do I recognise signs of infection?

    The symptoms of infection usually include redness, warmth, pain, swelling of the wound, and the presence of pus. A fever may also be a sign of an infection. Seek medical attention if any of these symptoms appear or if the wound appears to be healing slowly.
  2. How can I prevent a wound infection?

    Follow the ‘Cleanse. Protect. Heal.’ steps above. Be careful when you are cleaning the cut and cover it with a wound plaster while it’s healing. Do not pick at the skin as this could reopen the wound and introduce bacteria.
  3. Can even small cuts get infected?

    Yes, any open wound can become infected if not properly treated and protected from the entry of dirt and bacteria. Which is why you need to make certain to know how to treat cuts of every type,  no matter how small or big.
Read here for more info on how to get started on a first aid kit: A Checklist of First Aid Items
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How to Treat a Cut Fast | Hansaplast India

Cut your finger or hand? Don’t worry! Heal your cut faster with three easy steps. Also, find out how to use the right product to stop the bleeding and infections