Back Pain S.O.S
Back pain can appear out of the blue, in most cases because your back is untrained and your movements are unpracticed.
Strengthening your back is the best prevention!
Most back pain is harmless and will disappear again
Pain, tension or stiffness in the lower back is something that most of us experience at one time or another, but will in most
cases settle after a few days.
How to speed up recovery: while the pain may be intense, it will be short-lived if you are lucky.
Try some simple relief measures which can help you get back on your feet:
Warm it up: If there is no swelling and you feel that the pain has mechanical causes, you can try to apply warmth. Heat will help
alleviate muscle tension and works well in case of hardened or knotted muscles. Try applying a Hansaplast Lion Heat Plaster on
the affected area. It will provide sustained intense heat and at the same time block the transmission of pain.
You might want to try cooling the area with a cold pack (ice is a natural pain reliever and will work in case of swelling or bumps).
Place it on the sore spot. If you feel that this helps, leave it on for no more than ten minutes each hour. See a doctor if you suspect inflammation.
You may take medicine that reduces pain, swelling, and irritation without medical consultation. See a doctor if symptoms don‘t improve.
Consult your doctor about what best to do and whether you need rest or activity. It is recommended to get back to your normal
activities as soon as possible, as movement helps your muscles decontract and stay strong
After you have experienced lower back pain once, the pain may come back if you are not pro-active about it. But there is a lot you
can do to strengthen your back in the long run.
To avoid further problems:
- Exercise regularly and keep your back and stomach muscles strong.
- Make sure you alternate sitting positions and try to move around a lot when working in a sitting position.
- Observe whether psychological factors might be the cause of your back pain, and learn to manage stress.
CUTS AND GRAZES
Fortunately, the most common everyday injuries are minor wounds which can easily be attended to with a plaster.
Whether you have cut yourself while chopping some vegetables, grazed your skin while scratching along a wall or when falling on
your hands – a plaster will attend to these minor injuries and help them heal better.
Cuts: A cut is an area of severed skin that has been penetrated with a sharp edge, such as a knife, a small tool or the edge of a
sheet of paper (paper cuts are also painful). The wound will often bleed and have slightly dehiscent wound edges.
Grazes or abrasions: A usually harmless abrasion of the upper skin layers that occurs after falling on knees, hands or elbows, or
scratching over a rough surface with some skin coming off subsequently. Abrasions can be painful since the injury often extends
to the many fine nerve endings subjacent to the skin.
How to treat minor wounds like a cut or abrasion
Remember to wash your hands carefully before treating a wound. Any break in the skin can be susceptible to bacteria penetrating.
Clean the wound carefully, wiping away any dirt and grit. Use a clean cotton cloth with Hansaplast Wound Spray or rinse with
cold water, then pat area dry before applying a clean dressing. Do not remove embedded objects, leave that to medical staff.
Usually it is recommended to disinfect the graze or abrasion.
In any case, cover the cut or abrasion with a plaster. A plaster will protect the injured area from friction, bacteria and
contamination, will absorb wound fluid and create conditions in which the wound can heal undisturbed. Tip: Special Hansaplast
plasters such as Hansaplast Silver Healing Xtra Protect already contain antibacterial silver in its woundpad which will reduce
the risk of infection.
ome simple steps for treating wounds:
Make sure, you wash your hands before applying plasters or dressings or wear disposable surgical gloves – this will cut the
risk of infection.
A minor wound will soon stop bleeding.
If it does not, apply a little pressure to the spot with a non-stick pad until it stops.
If the bleeding continues, apply more gauze pads and keep pressure on the wound and seek medical advice.
Clean the wound carefully, wiping away any dirt and grit. Use a clean cotton cloth sprayed with Hansaplast Wound Spray or rinse
with cold water, then pat area dry before applying a clean dressing. Do not remove embedded objects, leave that to medical staff.
If there is anything embedded in the skin, do not try to remove it. This should be left to a professional.
Disinfect, then cover the injured area with an appropriate dressing such as a wound pad, compress or an adhesive bandage.
Keep all cuts clean and change dressing regularly.
First Aid - first measures
Accidents can happen, and when they do it is important to keep a cool head. Not everyone is accustomed to seeing blood, and
sometimes even something harmless such as cutting vegetables in the kitchen can lead to a deep cut that will bleed profusely.
Knowing how to react when and having a well-stocked first aid kit at home and in your car will help you be prepared.
YOU CAN‘T PREVENT ACCIDENTS,
BUT YOU CAN HAVE A GOOD
FIRST AID KIT AT HAND
8 Golden Rules of First Aid
Check whether your surroundings are safe. Don’t put yourself or the injured person at risk.
Decide if you or the injured person needs medical aid; ask for advice if not sure.
Reassure the injured person, if they are severely injured and under shock, and keep them warm. Stay with the
injured person, keep them comfortable and don’t move them if you suspect an injury to the back or neck. Call for medical help in that case.
Tell the medical experts as much information about the accident and symptoms as you can. Also, if you know about
allergies or blood group or vaccinations or medical condition of the person (i.e. if they are on medication)
Wash your hands before attending to the wound and wear disposable gloves to protect yourself and to prevent infections.
Clean the wound carefully, wiping away any dirt and grit. Use a clean cotton cloth or rinse with cold water, then pat area dry
before applying a clean dressing. Do not remove embedded objects, leave that to medical staff.
Keep your first aid kit up to date. Do not forget to replace any items you use from your first aid kit and check expiry dates regularly.
When do I need a doctor? When to seek medical advice
Most minor cuts and bruises can be treated effectively with a first-aid kit. (see: TREATMENT). But how do you know if an injury needs closer attention?
We recommend to contact a medical professional in the following circumstances:
- if the wound is deep and causes major bleeding
- if the wound shows signs of infection such as redness, warmth, pain and swelling
- if there are embedded foreign objects
- in case of an animal or human bite or
- in case of contact with animal blood
- if the wound is in the area of the face
- if there is insufficient tetanus vaccination
and of course any time you have questions or are uncertain
Recommendation: Also, seek medical advice in case of breathing problems, unconsciousness, a deep wound with a major loss of blood,
a severe burn, a suspected fracture or broken bone a suspected heart attack, a severe allergic reaction, a snake, animal bite or
human bite, poisoning, severe shock, any condition which turns rapidly worse.
It’s not easy to prevent minor wounds and scrapes. Trip over a curb, mishandle a dull kitchen knife, and before
you know it you‘re bleeding -- and wondering, is that going to scar? A wound doesn‘t even need to be deep or severe to leave a scar.
Fortunately, it’s not difficult to prevent some scars and reduce others. Follow this advice and you may have a tale to tell about
your mishap - but without the scar to prove it.
The Best Scar Prevention: Good Wound Care
The best way to prevent an unsightly scar or reduce its appearance is to do a good job caring for the wound. Use these two steps:
1. Clean out a fresh cut or scrape properly. Proper cleansing helps prevent infection and promotes the best possible healing.
Remove with a dry clean cloth or rinse under water. Irritants such as harsh soaps aren‘t good for cleaning minor wounds. In fact,
these substances can actually delay healing. Additional disinfection may be recommended.
2. Keep it covered. Keeping your wound covered with a wound dressing will help it heal undisturbed and protect it by
preventing bacteria or dirt from entering and irritating the wound. Choosing a special plaster ( Hansaplast Silver Healing Washproof)
will help speed up the healing process by up to 50% and help reduce the appearance of scars.
Don‘t pick at scabs. Right after you get a cut or scrape your body starts healing the wound: White blood cells attack
infection-causing bacteria. Red blood cells, fibrin, and platelets create a clot over your wound. And in no time, a scab forms.
If you pick off the scab, you may not only reopen the wound and introduce bacteria, you could also create a larger scar.
How corns develop
The skin is made up of several layers. The outer layer, the epidermis, acts as a protective barrier for the deeper, more sensitive layers of the skin.
If the skin is exposed to permanent pressure and friction e.g. from ill-fitting shoes, it reacts by building up this outer layer,
thus forming callous skin. If the pressure persists, especially in a specific spot, the callous skin can form a corn with a hard
core that reaches the deeper, sensitive skin structures and thus causes pain. This core is often called the „root” of the corn.
Corns can appear either as white/ gray or yellow/ brown in colour depending on your skin type.
Symptoms include pain and swelling around the corn and discomfort with direct pressure when walking.
Corns mostly occur on the top of the toes and on the outside of the fifth toe, i.e. the areas where there is the
most pressure from the shoes. The most painful form of corn is the type where the corn becomes entwined with the nerves of the skin.
Corns can also occur at the sole of the foot and as so-called soft corns in between toes where the skin is moist from
sweat or inadequate drying.
The first measure...
... should always be to stop further pressure to relieve pain: Choose well-fitted shoes or change shoes.
Protect the corn with a special Hansaplast corn plaster that will stop further pressure to relieve pain and at the same time
deal with removing the corn with its softening ingredient, salicylic acid.
For easy and convenient removal...
... of the corn, all you need is also the special corn plaster.
It will give instant relief from pressure, while at the same time help to remove corns with its effective ingredient (salicylic acid).
Apply a Hansaplast Corn Plaster by placing the centre of the foam ring directly on the corn
after having cleaned and dried the affected area first. Leave it to work and replace the plaster after two days.
After four days, the now softened corn can be removed in a warm salt or soap water bath.
Don’t try to remove the corn with sharp objects such as blades etc.
After removal, keep area and surrounding skin well moisturised with special foot creams
Never try to remove the corn with a sharp object! See a podiatrist if the corn should not disappear or continue to have a
painful “core”. Should you suffer from diabetes or circulatory disorders, refrain from using the Hansaplast corn pads and see
your podiatrist or doctor.
How does a corn plaster work its magic and combat corns so efficiently? The Hansaplast Corn plaster contains an active ingredient
that will soften your corn: the salicylic acid in the center of the foam ring acts by loosening the structure holding together the
horny cells of the corn.
Easy does it:
Our corn plasters will
deal with your corn
by softening it“
The callus skin and the intercellular substance holding together its layers are loosened, leading to an increased hydration and
softening of the area, so that the corn can easily be peeled off.
The best way to prevent a corn is to always keep your feet in a good condition and wear the right shoes. Nevertheless, sore spots,
corns and callous skin are a common problem, and tend to occur more frequently as we get older.
What you can do to prevent corns:
Choose well fitting shoes and change shoes frequently. Wearing different types of shoes will prevent pressure from a shoe that
might be too tight from leaving its marks on your toes.